Termites are known as the most destructive pests in the world. They are like ants, small in size, and have antennae. They also have wings and it is hard to identify them to the naked eye. According to the place where you are living, can also determine which types of termite you have to contend with. Termites can be found inside walls or furniture.
It certainly doesn’t look dangerous or risky by looking at a single termite, but a whole colony of them can cause significant structural damage to a home in a very short time. Termites are known as ‘silent destroyers’ due to their undetected ability to chew through wood, flooring, and even wallpaper. Each year, termites cause property damage of $5 billion.
While only about 10 percent of the 2,750 recognized termite species have been recorded as pests, many cause serious and extremely costly damage. Determining whether the pest is a subterranean or a wood-dwelling species is important for successful control as the treatment methods differ.
Food – Termites food is predominantly cellulose, which is derived from wood, grass, leaves, humus, manure of herbivorous animals, and vegetative materials. Most lower termites, and many higher ones, feed on either sound or partially decayed.
Termites, in addition to cellulose, require vitamins and nitrogenous foods (e.g. proteins), which are likely to be supplied by fungi typically present in the most termites widely used a diet of decayed wood. The fungi can also break down wood into components that termites easily digest.
Communication – There is a continuous exchange of information among the members of a termite colony, such as alarm, an indication of direction and presence of a food source, and calling and pairing behaviors among reproductives. Information is communicated by vibration, physical contact, and chemical signals.
Termites are important in two ways. They are destructive when they feed upon, and often destroy, wooden structures or vegetable matter valuable to humans.
Some termites feed on living plant materials and can grow into severe crop pests. Termites also help to turn plant cellulose into substances that can be recycled into the environment to sustain new growth.
Termites are primarily fed on wood and it may cause severe damages to the walls, wood fences, and furniture. Those damages sometimes lead to expensive repairs. If you don’t use any professional’s help, the damage might become worse and in the end, it will collapse.
How to Get Rid of Them
Use termite sprays to get rid of them. But the best way is to get help from professionals because most of the time damage will be visible after it’s already spread.
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